Project description

A consortium comprising RPA Europe, Risk & Policy Analysts (RPA), INERIS, and Bio Innovation Service has been contracted by the European Commission (DG Environment) to prepare an Impact Assessment study to support the preparation of a legislative proposal to amend Annexes IV and V of the Regulation (EU) No 2019/1021 (hereinafter the POP Regulation).

This study builds on existing information on the current situation (which includes three previous studies commissioned by DG Environment published in 2005[1], 2011[2] and 2019[3]) and comprises the following tasks:

  • Task 1: Update of the information on the mass flows of POP substances;
  • Task 2: Assessment of the 2005 WHO Toxic Equivalency Factor (TEF) values for dioxin-like (dl) PCBs;
  • Task 3: Survey of sampling and analytical methods for PBDEs, HBCDD and SCCPs in POP waste;
  • Task 4: Impact assessment of changes to Annex IV of the POPs Regulation – Low POP Content Limit (LPCL) options for eight POP substances/substance groups; and
  • Task 5: Recommendations and analysis of uncertainties.

The following substances/substance groups are within the scope of this study:

  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) already included in Annex IV of the POPs Regulation[4], with particular focus on decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE);
  • Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD);
  • Alkanes C10-C13, chloro (short-chain chlorinated paraffins) (SCCPs);
  • Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), its salts and PFOA-related compounds;
  • Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), its salts and PFHxS-related compounds;
  • Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD & PCDF);
  • Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its salts and esters; and
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) (differentiating between dioxin-like (dl) PCBs and non-dioxin like (ndl) PCBs).
  • If you have any questions about this study, please contact or +44 (0)1508 528 465.
POP Persistent organic pollutant
C&D Construction and demolition
DecaBDE Decabromodiphenyl ether
LPCL Low POP concentration limit in Annex IV of the POPs Regulation
HBCDD Hexabromocyclododecane
PBDEs Polybrominated diphenyl ethers
SCCPs Short chain chlorinated paraffins
PFOA Perfluorooctanoic acid
PFHxS Perfluorohexane sulfonate
PCDD/Fs Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans
PCP Pentachlorophenol

[1]     BiPRO (2005): Study to facilitate the implementation of certain waste related provisions

of the Regulation on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Available at:

[2]     BiPRO (2011):  Study on waste related issues of newly listed POPs and candidate POPs.  Available at:

[3]     Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH (2019): Study to support the Review of Waste Related Issues in Annexes IV and V of Regulation (EC) 850/2004.   

[4]     Tetrabromodiphenyl ether, pentabromodiphenyl ether, hexabromodiphenyl ether, heptabromodiphenyl and decabromodiphenyl ether